B

Select a term to view the definition:
  • Baby Friendly Initiative

    Professional Description:

    an international program developed by WHO/UNICEF for the protection, promotion and support of breastfeeding as a strategy aimed at increasing the health and well being of children and families

  • Bacterial lipopolysaccharides

    Professional Description:

    Bacterial lipopolysaccharides are a lipid and polysaccharide complex that forms the major component of the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria, such as E.coli, salmonella, shigella and other enterobacteria. Lipopolysaccharides are endotoxins; heat-stable toxins that are released when the bacterial cell is disrupted.

  • Balance of cytokines

    Professional Description:

    Balance of cytokines is the relative quantities of specific cytokines in an immune response Commonly used in reference to Th1/Th2 cytokines and allergy.

  • Bariatric surgery

    Professional Description:

    Bariatric surgery is a branch of medicine that deals with the surgical treatment of obesity.

  • Basal energy expenditure

    Professional Description:

    Basal energy expenditure is the energy expended for respiration, circulation, brain activity and other vital body functions. It is measured in the resting condition, while fasting, free from stress and in a thermoneutral environment.

  • Basal metabolic rate

    Professional Description:

    The basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the energy needed to sustain the metabolic activities of cells and tissues, plus the energy needed to maintain blood circulation, respiration, and gastrointestinal and renal processing (i.e. the basal cost of living).

  • behavioural counselling techniques

    Professional Description:

    Behaviour counselling techniques are methods to change behaviour including self-monitoring of diet and physical activity (food and physical activity logs), cue elimination, stimulus control, goal setting, problem solving, action planning, modeling, limit setting, and rewards for reaching goals modifying specific eating behaviours (e.g. slowing the rate of eating, controlling where eating occurs, delaying gratification), and reinforcement management.

  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia

    Professional Description:

    Benign prostatic hyperplasia is a progressive enlargement of the prostate due to hyperplasia of both glandular and stromal components. It typically begina in the fifth decade and sometimes causes obstructive or irritative symptoms or both; it does not evolve into cancer.

  • Betalactoglobulin

    Professional Description:

    Betalactoglobulin is one of the most abundant milk proteins and a significant milk allergen. Along with casein, it is one of the most frequently and intensively recognized protein by IgE antibodies.

  • Bifidobacterium

    Professional Description:

    Bifidobacterium is a genus of gram-positive, anaerobic bacteria of the family Actinomycetaceae, order Actinomycetales. The organisms occur as irregularly staining rods of bifurcated Y and V forms and club or spatulate shapes.

  • bioactive compounds

    Professional Description:

    Bioactive compounds are constituents that are found in small quantities in foods. They can vary in chemical structure and their functions. Some examples include phenolic organosulfur and carotenoids compounds.

  • Bioavailability

    Professional Description:

    Bioavailability is the proportion of an ingested nutrient that is absorbed and utilized. It can be influenced by the physiological state of an individual and the interaction of other nutrients consumed in diet.

  • Biofilm

    Professional Description:

    Biofilm is a thin layer of inorganic or organic microorganisms that adhere to the surface of a structure, together with the polymers that they secrete.

  • Bisphenol A

    Professional Description:

    Bisphenol A (BPA) is a chemical used in the manufacture of epoxy resins for internal food can linings and polycarbonate plastics. It is a known endocrine disruptor.

  • Bitter Melon

    Professional Description:

    Bitter melon flourishes in India, Asia, South America, Africa and the Caribbean. The bitter melon plant is a vine with green leaves and yellow flowers and the fruit is oblong and green, resembling a cucumber. The extracts of the unripe fruit are most frequently used are the fruit and the seeds.

  • Body mass index

    Professional Description:

    Body Mass Index (BMI) is weight(kg)/height(m)2 (squared).

  • Bone mineral density

    Professional Description:

    Bone mineral density (BMD) is a measure of the amount of calcium in bones. A BMD test detects osteopenia (bone loss usually without symptoms and osteoporosis (more severe bone loss which may cause symptoms).

  • Borborygmi

    Professional Description:

    Borborygmi is a rumbling sound made by the movement of gas in the intestine. Borborygmus is the plural version.

  • Borborygmus

    Professional Description:

    Stomach rumbling

    Consumer Description:

    Stomach rumbling

  • Bovine lipase

    Professional Description:

    Bovine lipase is a bovine preparation offered as an alternative to porcine preparations for those who refuse the consumption of porcine products for religious or other reasons. The lipase activity of bovine preparations reaches approximately 25% that of porcine extracts, and consequently a substantially greater number of tablets may be required to achieve the same effect.

  • Brain infarct

    Professional Description:

    A brain infarct is tissue death in the brain due to a lack of oxygen.

  • Breastmilk substitute

    Professional Description:

    Any food that is being marketed or represented as a partial or total replacement for breastmilk, whether or not it is suitable for that purpose.

  • Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid

    Professional Description:

    Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid is fluid obtained by washout of the epithelial lining fluid of the of the lung. It is used to assess biochemical and inflammatory changes in and effects of therapy on the interstitial lung tissue.

  • Bronchospasm

    Professional Description:

    A contraction of smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles, causing narrowing of the lumen.