Individuals with type 1 diabetes are at higher risk for celiac disease than the general population (1). Individuals with type 1 diabetes often present with "silent" CD, where there is intestinal villous atrophy, but no symptoms. Gastrointestinal symptoms, growth alterations and anemia may be present (1).
While CD and type 1 diabetes share genetic and immunological features, the diagnostic and management approaches, including diet, differ around the world (2).
The prevalence of CD in