Hematology/Haematology - Anemia/Anaemia: Folate and B12 Deficiency Background 

Anemia is characterized by reductions in hemoglobin and/or circulating red blood cell (RBC) mass to below cut-offs specific to age and gender (1). Anemia results from one of the following: blood loss, deficient erythropoiesis (microcytic, normochromic-normocytic or macrocytic) or excessive hemolysis due to extrinsic RBC defects (2). Anemia is generally a sign of a problem as opposed to a disease on its own. Hence, it is important to identify the underlying cause(s). Anemia is generally
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