Key Nutrition Issues
Anemia is characterized by reduced hemoglobin or circulating red blood cell mass (1). It is often a sign or symptom of underlying illnesses or conditions. It can also be drug-induced. Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is typically microcytic (cells are small in size), hypochromic (cells are pale in colour) anemia. As the anemia progresses, the red blood cells become smaller and paler.
The main causes of iron deficiency include inadequate intake, poor absorption,