Hematology/Haematology - Anemia/Anaemia: Iron Deficiency

Practice Guidance Toolkit

Key Nutrition Issues


Anemia is characterized by reduced hemoglobin or circulating red blood cell mass (1). It is often a sign or symptom of underlying illnesses or conditions. It can also be drug-induced. Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is typically a microcytic (cells are small in size), hypochromic (cells are pale in colour) anemia. As the anemia progresses the red blood cells become smaller and paler. The main causes of iron deficiency include inadequate intakes, poor absorption, increased losses and/or
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Last Updated: 2017-01-11