Diet Quality and COVID-19: Socioeconomics Matter
Is eating plant-based enough to reduce the risk of COVID-19 infection? Not without a closer look at the socioeconomic gradient.
Should You Strike "Boosting Your Immune System" from Your Vocabulary? Avoiding "Science-ploitation"
In a recent podcast, Dr. Jen Gunter describes the problems with the phrase “boosting the immune system” (1). The PEN Team wondered if the podcast concepts might be useful to dietitians when clients ask about “immune-boosting” foods and supplements.
Can Coffee Prevent Chronic Liver Disease?
Recent headlines (1,2) attest that drinking coffee prevents chronic liver disease, based on a recently published study (3). The PEN Team set out to investigate whether the evidence supports these cause-and-effect statements.
Vitamin B12 in Pregnancy
A concern about vitamin B12 deficiency causing adverse outcomes in pregnant women, particularly of South Asian descent, prompted us to look more closely at this hot topic. We identified a systematic review (SR) that focused on the vitamin B12 status of women and infants living in India (1).
Consumers’ Feelings About Meat and Meat Alternatives: Can Framing Influence Perception?
In a recent study, researchers used a mixed-methods approach to examine consumer perceptions of meat and meat alternatives and whether framing products as part of a meal, rather than in isolation, influences consumer perceptions (1).
U.S. Report of Heavy Metals in Manufactured Infant Foods
A U.S. report finds heavy metals in manufactured infant foods. Should we be concerned? Are heavy metals present in infant foods at unsafe levels? What should dietitians be advising parents to do? The PEN Team went looking for answers.
Vitamin D and COVID-19: Do Latest Studies Support Supplementation?
To date, research on vitamin D supplementation and COVID-19 outcomes has been limited, so the PEN Team reviewed two recent studies on vitamin D and COVID-19 to see what, if anything, has changed.
USDA Dietary Guidelines
The 2020-2025 USDA Dietary Guidelines were released on December 29, 2020.