Nephrology - Chronic Kidney Disease without Dialysis

Practice Guidance Toolkit

Description and Key Nutrition Issues


Chronic kidney disease (CKD) includes a variety of abnormalities of kidney structure or function that impact health and that are present for greater than three months (1). 
Causes of CKD include glomerular diseases (such as diabetes, amyloidosis, glomerulonephritis and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis), vascular diseases (such as hypertension), tubulointerstitial diseases (such as urinary tract obstruction/dysfunction, recurrent kidney stones and sarcoidosis), cystic and congenital
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Last Updated: 2023-06-01