Oral Health

Practice Guidance Toolkit

Key Nutrition Issues


Early childhood caries (ECC) has multiple etiologies and is considered a preventable, infectious bacterial disease of primary dentition (1,2). ECC are diagnosed when there is a presence of one or more decayed (non-cavitated or cavitated) teeth, missing teeth due to caries, or non-cavitated or cavitated filled tooth surfaces in a child at the age of 72 months or younger (3).
In children younger than three years, smooth-surface caries are a sign of severe early childhood caries. A
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Last Updated: 2023-05-01